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  • Perovskite

Enhanced optoelectronic coupling for perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells

Authors Erkan Aydin, Esma Ugur, Bumin K. Yildirim, Thomas G. Allen, Pia Dally, Arsalan Razzaq, Fangfang Cao, Lujia Xu, Badri Vishal, Aren Yazmaciyan, Ahmed A. Said, Shynggys Zhumagali, Randi Azmi, Maxime Babics, Andreas Fell, Chuanxiao Xiao & Stefaan De Wolf


Monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells are of great appeal as they promise high power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) at affordable cost. In state-of-the-art tandems, the perovskite top cell is electrically coupled to a silicon heterojunction bottom cell by means of a self-assembled monolayer (SAM), anchored on a transparent conductive oxide (TCO), which enables efficient charge transfer between the subcells1,2,3. Yet reproducible, high-performance tandem solar cells require energetically homogeneous SAM coverage, which remains challenging, especially on textured silicon bottom cells. Here, we resolve this issue by using ultrathin (5-nm) amorphous indium zinc oxide (IZO) as the interconnecting TCO, exploiting its high surface-potential homogeneity resulting from the absence of crystal grains and higher density of SAM anchoring sites when compared with commonly used crystalline TCOs. Combined with optical enhancements through equally thin IZO rear electrodes and improved front contact stacks, an independently certified PCE of 32.5% was obtained, which ranks among the highest for perovskite/silicon tandems. Our ultrathin transparent contact approach reduces indium consumption by approximately 80%, which is of importance to sustainable photovoltaics manufacturing.

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