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Cornell University

  • Perovskite

Imaging Light-Induced Migration of Dislocations in Halide Perovskites with 3D Nanoscale Strain Mapping

Authors Kieran W. P. Orr, Jiecheng Diao, Muhammad Naufal Lintangpradipto, Darren J. Batey, Affan N. Iqbal, Simon Kahmann, Kyle Frohna, Milos Dubajic, Szymon J. Zelewski, Alice E. Dearle, Thomas A. Selby, Peng Li, Tiarnan A. S. Doherty, Stephan Hofmann, Osman M. Bakr, Ian K. Robinson, Samuel D. Stranks


In recent years, halide perovskite materials have been used to make high performance solar cell and light-emitting devices. However, material defects still limit device performance and stability. Here, we use synchrotron-based Bragg Coherent Diffraction Imaging to visualise nanoscale strain fields, such as those local to defects, in halide perovskite microcrystals. We find significant strain heterogeneity within MAPbBr3 (MA = CH3NH+3) crystals in spite of their high optoelectronic quality, and identify both ⟨100⟩ and ⟨110⟩ edge dislocations through analysis of their local strain fields. By imaging these defects and strain fields in situ under continuous illumination, we uncover dramatic light-induced dislocation migration across hundreds of nanometres. Further, by selectively studying crystals that are damaged by the X-ray beam, we correlate large dislocation densities and increased nanoscale strains with material degradation and substantially altered optoelectronic properties assessed using photoluminescence microscopy measurements. Our results demonstrate the dynamic nature of extended defects and strain in halide perovskites and their direct impact on device performance and operational stability.

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