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Applied Surface Science

  • Life Sciences

Molecular Self-Assembly and Passivation of GaAs (001) With Alkanethiol Monolayers: A View Towards Bio-Functionalization

Authors J.J. Dubowski, O. Voznyy, and G.M. Marshall


Properties of as prepared or nanoengineered III–V semiconductor surfaces provide attractive means for photonic detection of different adsorbants from surrounding gaseous or liquid environments. To be practical, this approach requires that the surface is made selectively sensitive (functionalized) to targeted species. In addition, such surface has also to stay stable over extended period of time to make it available for rapid testing. Numerous reports demonstrate attractive properties of GaAs for sensing applications. One of the most fundamental issues relevant to these applications concerns the ability to functionalize chemically, or biologically, the surface of GaAs. The most studied method of GaAs surface functionalization is based on formation of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of various n-alkanethiols, HS-(CH2)n-T (T = CH3, COOH, NH2, etc.). In spite of multi-year research concerning this issue, it has only been recently that a comprehensive picture of SAMs formation on GaAs and an understanding of the natural limitation of the SAM–GaAs interface in some bio-chemical sensing architectures has begun to emerge.

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